Blue Copper Marans image

Blue Copper Marans: The History & Future of Marans Chickens

Are you looking for a chicken that lays big, dark brown eggs? Blue Copper Marans are famous for laying the darkest eggs! This French heritage breed is known for its unique coloring and egg-laying abilities. 

Keep reading to learn more about the Blue Copper Marans chicken and whether it might be the right breed for your flock! 

History of Marans Chickens 

Marans chicken and other breed fighting

The blue copper Marans chicken is a breed developed in the town of Marans, France, hence the name ‘Marans’. Chickens were originally imported to France from West Africa during the 1600s and then brought to the United States in the early 1900s. Similar to other chickens, their purpose is for their meat and eggs. 

This chicken is a crossbreed between Croad Langshan with the Marans chicken.

Although there is a push to change this, it is a rare breed and is not currently recognized by the Standard of Perfection. Currently, there are only a few hundred blue copper Marans chickens in the United States. 

Marans Chickens on the  coop sitting

Physical Features   

Generally, a Marans’ feather colors and patterns are their most distinguishing feature. There are nine recognized color varieties of Maran chickens: blue, black, blue copper, cuckoo, silver cuckoo, wheaten, white, ginger red, and brown. 

The features of this chicken breed include their rose comb and wattles, which are both reddish in color; their brown eyes; and their yellow skin. 

For French Marans, it is a breed of chicken with feathered legs. They’re not very common and only live in France, but they’ve been around since the 17th century when farmers started breeding them! 

It’s believed that these chickens got their feathery toes from being bred over many years to keep away tapping sounds made by other birds.

picture of marans chicken breed

Marans Breed: Blue Copper and other Varieties 

The most common variety of Copper Marans is the Blue Copper Marans, which is what most people think of when they hear about this breed. However, there are several other varieties, including: 

  • Black Copper Marans 
  • Cuckoo Marans 
  • Silver Cuckoo Marans 
  • Wheaten Marans 
  • White Marans 
  • Ginger red Marans 
  • Brown Marans 

Personality and Temperament of Blue Copper Marans  

Some poultry powers consider Marans chickens as the most docile, cleanest, and easy to handle breed. They are not dominant even when integrated with a batch of younger birds. They also start going into nesting boxes early to get ahead. 

Blue Copper Marans are considered to be one of the friendliest poultry breeds. There is very little chance that you may come across an Aggressive Marans rooster.

They are a hardy breed that does well in most climates and is not considered particularly broody. But overall, this breed, regardless of variety, is a great backyard flock for new poultry keepers. 

The Famous Dark Eggs of Marans: Dark Brown Eggs 

The eggs of Blue Copper Marans chickens are one of the breed’s most sought-after features. It is known for its dark brown egg color or chocolatey-colored shell. 

Hens lay nice dark eggs lay nice dark eggs. The color of its dark eggs is due to a pigment called porphyrin. Porphyrin is found in the chicken’s diet and accumulates in the egg’s shell.

The amount of porphyrin in a chicken’s diet affects the Marans egg color. Maran chickens typically eat a diet high in porphyrin, which results in dark brown egg color.

brown eggs in a tray

Furthermore, studies have shown that the flavor of blue copper Marans eggs is affected by the pigments in the egg’s shell.

Dark Eggs with darker shells tend to have a more intense flavor than those with lighter shells. Black Copper Marans eggs are said to have a rich, chocolatey flavor, too. However! which Maran breed lays the Darkest eggs? It is still confusing.

Overall, a Blue Copper Marans Marans an excellent egg layer, with most hens laying between 200 and 280 eggs per year. Owners report that they are able to identify their most productive layers with a wireless chicken coop camera in the egg box.

Caring for the Blue Copper Maran

The diet of a chicken is not as simple to manage and stayed healthy. To ensure that they lay eggs, chickens need a well-balanced eating plan with all the necessary nutrients for growth which can be challenging in some cases because their needs are different from other animals.

A chicken’s diet consists mostly of plants and seeds. The chicken will also consume insects, small lizards, or baby mice if they can find them. A diet lacking in protein can stunt a chicken’s growth and make them more susceptible to illness.

Chickens need access to fresh water at all times. A chicken will drink about a quart of water per day. If the water is dirty or contaminated, the chicken can become ill. This makes it imperative to have the best chicken watering system available in 2022.

They also need grit, which helps them grind up food in their gizzards. Grit can be found in sand, dirt, and small rocks. Chickens will usually consume grit on their own, but you can also provide it to them in a dish.

Chickens are susceptible to a number of health problems. Some of these health problems can be prevented with proper care, while others are unavoidable.

The Future of Marans Chickens 

The Blue Copper Marans flock is currently listed as an endangered breed by the American Livestock Conservancy. The breed also happens to be rare in its native France. 

You can help save this breed by purchasing hatching eggs or chickens from a reputable breeder. You can also help preserve the breed by breeding blue copper Marans chickens yourself. By doing this, you can help to ensure that this rare breed does not go extinct.

someone feeding the marans chicken

Interesting Facts about the Marans Breed 

Some Maran hens lay very dark eggs, but most don’t.  

Egg production can decline in the winter. Not all varieties have the same color of eggs, and some may lay fewer eggs than others. 

Your Marans hens will lay lighter eggs over time.  

This instance is due to the depletion of porphyrins in their system, which is perfectly normal. 

Marans chickens provide flavorful meat.  

While the main purpose of Copper Marans chickens is to lay eggs, they can also provide flavorful meat. The blue copper variety is considered one of the best-tasting poultry meats. 

Marans chickens are prone to frostbite on their combs.  

Due to their large combs, copper Marans chickens are prone to frostbite. To prevent this, make sure to provide them with a warm, dry place to sleep at night. 


The blue copper Marans chicken is an endangered breed that lay the darkest eggs. There are only a few hundred blue copper Marans chickens in the United States. 

However, you can still find them only from select breeders. Try searching online stores as well. When purchasing blue copper Marans chicks, make sure to purchase them from a reputable breeder. Doing this will help ensure that you are getting healthy chicks.