How long do roosters live

Can Roosters live alone? Quick Care Guide

Can roosters live alone? In our daily lives, roosters are among the most important birds. They provide us with meat and encourage one or more hens to lay eggs, making them desirable for many cultures worldwide. As someone with backyard chickens or pet roosters, you may often get asked how long roosters live. 

Fortunately, roosters can live alone, but not having hens or a flock has detrimental effects to their longevity. We will explore the various factors that affect a rooster’s lifespan and how long they typically live. 

What is a Rooster? 

Generally, people use roosters to name chickens, but it refers explicitly to male chickens. Its female counterpart is called a hen. They are domesticated birds typically found both in farms in rural areas, or kept as other backyard chickens in urban areas. They are used for their meat and fertilization of eggs to produce chicks. They play an important role in warning us of danger and waking us up in the morning. Chickens can be described as omnivores because they eat both plants and insects.   

Rooster: History, Size & Appearance  

Chickens are descendants of the Red junglefowl, which are social animals native to Southeast Asia. They are now the most common bird, with more than 20 billion population worldwide.  

A rooster can weigh anywhere from 2.5 to 7 kg (5-15 pounds) and stand 1 meter (3 feet) tall. Their legs are strong and can run up to 9 km/h (5.6 mph). When it comes to their feathers, they usually have brightly colored plumage. The most common colors include green, red, and blue. They also have a large comb on their head, a wattle (a fleshy protuberance hanging from the neck), and a long tail. The rooster is the most aggressive bird and is famous for his crowing. He does this to defend his territory, up to 1.5 hectares (3.7 acres). 

What is a Rooster’s Habitat?   

You can find roosters on every continent except Antarctica. They are most commonly found in rural areas but prevalent in urban areas they can be found through the back door or gate. Chickens were domesticated about 8,000 years ago, and since then, they have become an essential part of our daily lives. 

How Long Do Roosters Live?  

The lifespan of a rooster can differ based on many factors. But the average lifespan can be ten years. Typically, wild game birds live for about 5 to 8 years in their natural habitat. However, if they are well taken care of, chickens live for as long as 15 years. Some roosters can live for 20 years or longer.   

Factors That Affect the Life Expectancy Rate of Roosters  


Diet is a significant factor affecting the lifespan of your flock. A balanced diet will help them stay healthy, live longer, and produce strong legs and spurs. A rooster’s diet consists mainly of grains and bugs. But naturally, they will also eat just about anything else they can find, including small animals, fruits, and vegetables. They are omnivorous, which means they can eat both meat and plants. 

  • Food 

You need to provide your rooster with a balanced diet that includes essential nutrients. Their diet must consist of a good mix of protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, and minerals. Besides poultry feed, you can also give them scraps from the table, such as fruit, vegetables, and grains. 

  • Water   

Another critical factor that affects the lifespan of roosters is water. They need access to clean and fresh water at all times. You should take a few seconds to check the water supply every day to ensure it’s clean and fresh. If you’re using a bowl or container to hold the water, make sure you change it every day as it only takes a few seconds. If your chicken lives outside, you need to provide him with a fresh water supply. You can do this by using a waterer or giving him access to a pond or stream. 

chicken scratching leaves , pecking ground
Pecking ground litter: Like other birds, Chicken scratches the leaf litter to find something to eat.

Environmental Conditions (Coop set up and Ventilation) 

The environment in which you keep your chicken affects its longevity. Living with high levels of humidity or extreme temperatures will not prolong the roosters’ lifetime compared to those maintained under more moderate conditions. In this case, they need to have proper ventilation inside their coop, where they sleep at night. Additionally, roosters are often better suited to large and open coops than cramped ones. However, this doesn’t mean that small spaces aren’t worth considering if all else fails – make sure the area is not dirty or covered by clutter. 

Chicken Breed

The frequent question of how long do roosters live depends on the breed. Some chicken breeds are known for being more vital and live longer than others. For example, Orpingtons and Rhode Island Reds are two chicken breeds known to have a long lifespan. 


For the sake of the health and extending the average lifespan of your rooster, it must be allowed access to the outdoors. Living in small cages with no room for movement will typically have shorter lifespans than those who get plenty of exercise outside their enclosures. 


The health of a rooster is also crucial to its lifespan. Make sure that they stay healthy and free from diseases. 

  • Hereditary conditions and deformities like crooked toes can affect a chicken’s health, so check your flock regularly for abnormalities.  
  • Vaccinations and deworming are also crucial for the health of your rooster. They help to prevent diseases and parasites from infecting them. It will help if you talk to a vet about which vaccinations and dewormers are best for your chicken. 

The following are common diseases that can affect chickens: 

– Marek’s disease 

– Newcastle disease 

– Infectious bursal disease 

– Gumboro disease 

– Coccidiosis 

Rooster Predators and Threats 

The presence of predators also affects the lifespan of roosters and other chickens. Chickens that are free-range and live in areas with predators will not live as long as those kept in a safe space. The common predators of the rooster and hens include:  

  • Bears  
  • Wolves  
  • Coyotes  
  • Foxes  
  • Raccoons  
  • Opossums  

Hence, it’s a must that your chicken coop is well-built and secure. It would be best to monitor your chickens outside or have chicken coop camerainstalled to ensure they are safe from predators. 

Treatment of Roosters and Other Chickens   

The way you treat your roosters can also affect their lifespan. Chickens that are well cared for and treated humanely prolong their lifespan. There is even research showing how empathetic people can also improve the health status of other pet animals.

chickens pecking food
Rooster can’t live alone for a long period.

Can Roosters Live Alone Without a Flock of Hens?   

Roosters can live without a flock of hens, but they typically do not live as long. In the absence of a hen, roosters will often try to mate with other animals, such as turkeys or even horses. To avoid a rooster feeling lonely, and mating with other species, its best to have hens too.

Hens Need Roosters to Lay Fertilized Eggs

A backyard rooster will mate with one or more hens when given the opportunity. During this mating process, the sperms of the rooster reach into the oviduct of the hen. Here, the sperms fertilize the yolk, and the hen lays viable eggs.

roosters stalling
Rooster lives with a flock of hens and contribute to producing fertilized eggs. Hens lay eggs and hatch chicks.

How Can You Tell the Age of a Rooster?    

It can be challenging to tell the age of a rooster, but a few factors can help you guess how old he is. One way is by his wattles and comb. These parts of the rooster’s body will become larger and more pronounced as he gets older. Another way to tell the age of a rooster is by his crow. A young rooster’s crow will be higher pitched and quieter than an older one. 

Common Problems with Roosters   

People owning roosters have many challenges when they raise chickens that go beyond establishing the pecking order. Below are some of the most common problems: 

Roosters Can be Aggressive Towards Other Chickens 

Roosters can be aggressive towards other backyard chickens and male chicks. People often find themselves facing the problem of how to cope with an aggressive rooster in their small flock, especially when they have no hens around. They may even attack small animals or pets. This type of behavior can be harmful and often results in severe injuries.  Roosters can be aggressive if they use to live alone, without hens.

There are a few things that you can do to help reduce the chances of your one rooster becoming aggressive.  

  • First, make sure that he has plenty of space to roam around. A rooster needs at least 10 square feet of space per chicken.  
  • Second, provide your rooster with plenty of food and water. A rooster that is well-fed is less likely to be aggressive.  
  • Third, give your rooster plenty of attention. Roosters that feel loved and appreciated are less likely to be combative. 
Roosters fighting mode
Fight mode Rooster- roosters fighting mode – the body language of one rooster can tell a lot.

Constant Mating Can Be a Problem   

Mating is a fundamental part of the rooster’s life. Without it, he will not be able to reproduce and continue his lineage. However, constant mating can also be a problem.

If a rooster mates too much, he can become exhausted and die as mating is very strenuous. It takes a lot of energy for the rooster to perform.  If a rooster and hen constantly mate, it will ultimately result in health issues for both.

Roosters Can Be Noisy   

Roosters are notorious for being noisy. The most common complaint is that they crow all day long and at all-night hours. If you reside in an urban area, your neighbors may not appreciate the noise and may desire your rooster to have a crow collar. They may even call the police to complain about your loud rooster. 

Roosters can be Aggressive Toward Humans 

While not typically aggressive towards humans, there are instances where they may become aggressive. This can result from a lack of socialization or if the rooster feels threatened. The aggressive rooster can endanger both humans and other social animals. If you have an aggressive rooster, it is best to take precautions or train them to ensure they cause no harm. 

How To Train Aggressive Rooster to Be Nice   

Training an aggressive rooster pet can be difficult, but it is possible to introduce them to tricks such as bowing or flying, walking on a leash, or being nice to people. It is crucial to start training at a young age. The first step in teaching an aggressive rooster is getting used to your presence. You will need to spend time around the rooster so that he gets used to you being around.  

The best way to train a rooster is to use positive reinforcement. A typical example is giving him a treat when he does what you want him to do. For example, if you want him to bow, give him a delicious treat every time he bows. 

It will be best to remain consistent with the training and never give up. It takes patience and time to train your rooster to be a well-behaved flock member. 

chicken with  missing feathers
Sometimes, flock birds lose quills during fights with other flock members. These missing feathers grow slowly in older roosters.

Ways an Aggressive Rooster Attacks   

Flogging, pecking, and scratching are the three main ways a rooster attacks. 

  • Flogging is when a rooster swings its wings to hit something. It often happens when a rooster is trying to assert dominance over another chicken. 
  • Pecking is when a rooster uses its beak to hit something, either other chickens or human beings. 
  • Scratching is when a rooster uses its claws to scratch something. It usually happens when the rooster feels threatened and tries to defend himself. Another is if the rooster is playing around and doesn’t know its strength. 

It is best to be aware of these three methods of attack to be prepared if your rooster decides to attack someone. 

What To Do If Your Rooster Attacks You   

  • Calm Down 

If the rooster attacks you, the first thing to do is remain calm. Do not scream. It will only make the situation worse. Instead, stand still and wait for the rooster to calm down. 

  • Try To Move Away 

If the rooster is attacking you, try to move away from him. Do not try to fight back, as this will only make the situation worse. 

  • Use an Object

If it’s difficult for you to escape the rooster, you may need to defend yourself with any nearby object. It could be anything from a broom to a tree branch. It is also important to remember that using an object to protect yourself against a rooster can be dangerous. You should only use it if you are in danger and have no other way to protect yourself. 

  • Call For Help 

When defenseless, call for help. This person could be the police, animal control, or the neighbors. They may help you calm the rooster down, or they may be able to provide you with some advice. 

  • Scare Tactics 

If you are afraid of the rooster, you can try to scare him away by making loud noises (not screaming) or throwing a rock at him. This way, you can establish dominance and that he should not be aggressive towards you. However, this may not always be effective. 

chickens stadding on a fence
During interaction with humans, roosters crow. Their body language tells their mode.


At What Age Does a Rooster Get Spurs?   

These birds usually get their spurs at around six months old. 

Do Roosters Get Bald like Humans? 

No, they do not get bald. They have feathers that will grow in and out throughout their lives. 

When Does a Rooster Start to Crow?   

Most roosters will start to crow around six months old. 

How Long Does a Rooster Crow?   

A rooster crows for a few minutes in the morning- it is their way of waking up the flock and letting them know it is time to get up. 

When Does a Cockerel Become a Rooster?     

A cockerel becomes a rooster at about 12 to 16 weeks old. You will notice that they start to crow and have more aggressive behavior. 

Do Roosters Guard Their Flock of Hens? 

Yes, a rooster will guard one or more hens against threats and other roosters. Their instincts are to protect the flock and establish the pecking order. 

Do Roosters Help Find Food for Hens? 

Yes, roosters often seek and find food for their flock. However, it can be difficult in drought or when foodstuff is scarce. However, a rooster will work tirelessly to find foodstuff for his hens. They have several adaptations that help them find foodstuff. Their eyes are especially good at detecting movement. Additionally, their beaks help them dig through the earth to find insects and other small creatures to share with their hens. 

Conclusion: Roosters

In order for your rooster to live longer and be healthier, ensure that you understand his role in establishing the complex social hierarchy that is the flock’s pecking order. By following these tips, you can help reduce the risk of rooster attacks and ensure that he lives an entire and happy life. Additionally, by understanding the rooster’s behavior, you can avoid potential risks.